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[IWS] INDIA: PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN SPECIFIED ACTIVITIES ALONG WITH DOMESTIC DUTIES 2009-2010 [February 2013]
IWS Documented News Service
Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach
School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies
16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky
New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
National Sample Survey Office
PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN SPECIFIED ACTIVITIES ALONG WITH DOMESTIC DUTIES 2009-2010 [February 2013]
[full-text, 176 pages]
This report is based on the eighth quinquennial survey on employment and unemployment
conducted in the 66th round of NSS during July 2009 to June 2010. The survey was spread
over 7402 villages and 5252 urban blocks covering 100957 households (59129 in rural
areas and 41828 in urban areas) and enumerating 459784 persons (281327 in rural areas
and 178457 in urban areas). Employment and Unemployment indicators are measured in
three different approaches, viz. usual status (US) with a reference period of one year,
current weekly status (CWS) with one week reference period and current daily status
(CDS) based on the daily activity pursued during each day of the reference week. A set of
probing questions was put to all the members of the households classified as engaged in
domestic duties according to the usual principal status regarding their participation in a set
of specified activities. As per the classification of activity statuses, persons with activity
status codes 92 (attended domestic duties only) and 93 (attended domestic duties and were
also engaged in free collection of goods, sewing, tailoring, weaving, etc. for household
use) were considered to be engaged in domestic duties. Some of the key findings of NSS
66th round (July, 2009 - June, 2010) survey obtained from the responses to the probing
questions that were put to the women are stated below.
During 2009-2010, about 40 per cent of rural females were engaged in domestic
duties - about 22 per cent with activity status 92 and about 18 per cent with activity
status 93. During this period, about 48 per cent of urban females were engaged in
domestic duties - about 40 per cent with activity status 92 and about 8 per cent with
activity status 93.
Among women of age 5 years and above, about 6 per cent in the rural areas and 2
per cent in the urban areas were engaged in domestic duties in the principal status
but were worker according to the usual subsidiary status.
Among women of age 5 years and above usually engaged in domestic duties in
terms of their principal and subsidiary statuses taken together, about 56 per cent in
rural areas and 19 per cent in urban areas pursued one or more of the activities
relating to (i) agricultural production such as the maintenance of kitchen garden,
work in household poultry, dairy, etc., including free collection of agricultural
products for household consumption and (ii) processing of primary products
produced by the households, for households' consumption. They constituted about
21.2 per cent of women of age 5 years and above in rural areas and 9.5 per cent of
those in urban areas. In respect of women of all ages, about 19.2 per cent in rural
areas and about 8.8 per cent in urban areas pursued one or more of the activities
under categories (i) and (ii) and were not considered as workers.
The Worker Population Ratio (WPR) for women, according to the usual status
(considering both principal activity and subsidiary activity), in rural and urban
areas were 26.1 per cent and 13.8 per cent, respectively. If all women usually
engaged in economic activity, irrespective of their intensity of participation and
even considering those included within the extended production boundary
according to SNA-2008, are to be considered to be 'workers' to arrive at an
approximate upper bound to the usual status women 'workers', then 19.2 per cent
in rural areas and 8.8 per cent in urban areas, could be added to the usual status
worker population ratio for women. This gives that the upper bound of the WPR of
women is 45.3 per cent in rural areas and 22.6 per cent in urban areas.
Of the women of age 15 years and above usually engaged in domestic duties, about
33 per cent in rural areas and about 27 per cent in urban areas reported their
willingness to accept work if the work was made available at their household
premises. They constituted about 19.1 per cent and about 17.5 per cent of the
women of age 15 years and above in rural and urban India, respectively.
The kind of work that was most preferred by the women who were willing to
accept work at their household premises was tailoring in both the rural and urban
areas. Among women of age 15 years and above, about 10 per cent in rural areas
and about 11 per cent in urban areas were willing to accept the work of tailoring at
their household premises.
Among the women of age 15 years and above reported willingness to accept work
at the household premises, about 93 per cent in rural areas and about 95 per cent in
urban areas preferred work on regular basis. About 70 per cent in rural areas and
about 69 per cent in urban areas preferred 'part- time' work on a regular basis
while about 23 per cent in rural areas and about 26 per cent in urban areas wanted
regular 'full-time' work.
Among women of age 15 years and above willing to accept work at the household
premises, about 43 per cent in rural areas and about 30 per cent in urban areas
reported the need of initial finance on easy terms to take up their desired work.
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